http://www.recitequran.com/tafsir/en.ibn-kathir/36:1

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THE VIRTUES OF SURAH YA SIN
Al-Hafiz Abu Ya`la recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah said:

« مَنْ قَرَأَ يس فِي لَيْلَةٍ أَصْبَحَ مَغْفُورًا لَهُ، وَمَنْ قَرَأَ حم الَّتِي يُذْكَرُ فِيهَا الدُّخَانُ أَصْبَحَ مَغْفُورًا لَه »

(Whoever recites Ya Sin in the night, will wake up forgiven, and whoever recites Ha Mim in which Ad-Dukhan (the Smoke) is mentioned, will wake up forgiven.) Its chain of narration is good (Jayyid). Ibn Hibban recorded in his Sahih that Jundub bin `Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “The Messenger of Allah said:

« مَنْ قَرَأَ يس فِي لَيْلَةٍ ابْتِغَاءَ وَجْهِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ غُفِرَ لَه »

(Whoever recites Ya Sin in the night, seeking the Face of Allah, will be forgiven.)

﴿ بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

﴿ يسٓ وَٱلۡقُرۡءَانِ ٱلۡحَكِيمِ إِنَّكَ لَمِنَ ٱلۡمُرۡسَلِينَ عَلَىٰ صِرَٲطٍ۬ مُّسۡتَقِيمٍ۬ تَنزِيلَ ٱلۡعَزِيزِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ لِتُنذِرَ قَوۡمً۬ا مَّآ أُنذِرَ ءَابَآؤُهُمۡ فَهُمۡ غَـٰفِلُونَ لَقَدۡ حَقَّ ٱلۡقَوۡلُ عَلَىٰٓ أَكۡثَرِهِمۡ فَهُمۡ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ

(1. Ya Sin.) (2. By the Qur’an, full of wisdom,) (3. Truly, you are one of the Messengers,) (4. On the straight path.) (5. Sent down by the Almighty, the Most Merciful,) (6. In order that you may warn a people whose forefathers were not warned, so they are heedless.) (7. Indeed the Word has proved true against most of them, so they will not believe.)

THE MESSENGER WAS SENT AS A WARNER

We have already discussed the individual letters at the beginning of Surat Al-Baqarah.

﴿ وَٱلۡقُرۡءَانِ ٱلۡحَكِيمِ

(By the Qur’an, full of wisdom) means, Al-Muhkam (perfect) which falsehood cannot come to from before it or behind it.

﴿ إِنَّكَ

(Truly, you) means, O Muhammad,

﴿ لَمِنَ ٱلۡمُرۡسَلِينَ عَلَىٰ صِرَٲطٍ۬ مُّسۡتَقِيمٍ۬

(are one of the Messengers, on the straight path.) means, following a straight methodology and religion, and an upright Law.

﴿ تَنزِيلَ ٱلۡعَزِيزِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

(Sent down by the Almighty, the Most Merciful.) means, this path which you have brought is a revelation from the Lord of might Who is Most Merciful to His believing servants. This is like the Ayah:

﴿ وَكَذَٲلِكَ أَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ رُوحً۬ا مِّنۡ أَمۡرِنَا‌ۚ مَا كُنتَ تَدۡرِى مَا ٱلۡكِتَـٰبُ وَلَا ٱلۡإِيمَـٰنُ وَلَـٰكِن جَعَلۡنَـٰهُ نُورً۬ا نَّہۡدِى بِهِۦ مَن نَّشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِنَا‌ۚ وَإِنَّكَ لَتَہۡدِىٓ إِلَىٰ صِرَٲطٍ۬ مُّسۡتَقِيمٍ۬ صِرَٲطِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلَّذِى لَهُ ۥ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۗ أَلَآ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ تَصِيرُ ٱلۡأُمُورُ

(And verily, you are indeed guiding (mankind) to the straight path. The path of Allah to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth. Verily, to Allah all matters return.) (42:52-53).

﴿ لِتُنذِرَ قَوۡمً۬ا مَّآ أُنذِرَ ءَابَآؤُهُمۡ فَهُمۡ غَـٰفِلُونَ

(In order that you may warn a people whose forefathers were not warned, so they are heedless.) This refers to the Arabs, for no warner had come to them before him. The fact that they alone are mentioned does not mean that others are excluded, just as mentioning some individuals does not mean that all others are excluded. We have already mentioned the Ayat and Mutawatir Hadiths which state that the mission of the Prophet is universal, when we discussed the meaning of the Ayah:

﴿ قُلۡ يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ إِنِّى رَسُولُ ٱللَّهِ إِلَيۡڪُمۡ جَمِيعًا

(Say: “O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah.”) (7:158).

﴿ لَقَدۡ حَقَّ ٱلۡقَوۡلُ عَلَىٰٓ أَكۡثَرِهِمۡ

(Indeed the Word has proved true against most of them,) Ibn Jarir said, “The punishment has become inevitable for most of them, because Allah has decreed in the Mother of the Book (Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz) that they will not believe.

﴿ فَهُمۡ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ

(so they will not believe. ) in Allah, or in His Messengers.

﴿ إِنَّا جَعَلۡنَا فِىٓ أَعۡنَـٰقِهِمۡ أَغۡلَـٰلاً۬ فَهِىَ إِلَى ٱلۡأَذۡقَانِ فَهُم مُّقۡمَحُونَ وَجَعَلۡنَا مِنۢ بَيۡنِ أَيۡدِيہِمۡ سَدًّ۬ا وَمِنۡ خَلۡفِهِمۡ سَدًّ۬ا فَأَغۡشَيۡنَـٰهُمۡ فَهُمۡ لَا يُبۡصِرُونَ وَسَوَآءٌ عَلَيۡہِمۡ ءَأَنذَرۡتَهُمۡ أَمۡ لَمۡ تُنذِرۡهُمۡ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ إِنَّمَا تُنذِرُ مَنِ ٱتَّبَعَ ٱلذِّڪۡرَ وَخَشِىَ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنَ بِٱلۡغَيۡبِۖ فَبَشِّرۡهُ بِمَغۡفِرَةٍ۬ وَأَجۡرٍ۬ ڪَرِيمٍ إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نُحۡىِ ٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ وَنَڪۡتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُواْ وَءَاثَـٰرَهُمۡۚ وَكُلَّ شَىۡءٍ أَحۡصَيۡنَـٰهُ فِىٓ إِمَامٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬

(8. Verily, We have put on their necks iron collars reaching to the chins, so that their heads are raised up.) (9. And We have put a barrier before them, and a barrier behind them, and We have covered them up, so that they cannot see.) (10. It is the same to them whether you warn them or you warn them not, they will not believe.) (11. You can only warn him who follows the Reminder, and fears the Most Gracious unseen. Bear you to such one the glad tidings of forgiveness, and a generous reward.) (12. Verily, We give life to the dead, and We record that which they send before (them), and their traces and all things We have recorded with numbers in Imam Mubin (a Clear Book).)

لتكملة باقى  التفسير  اضغط على  الرابط

http://www.recitequran.com/tafsir/en.ibn-kathir/36:1

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